Strategic Study of Security Sector Reform in Sub-Saharan Africa (S4RSA)



About The Project

The S4RSA Team performed open source research and analysis of key requirements set forth by Colonel Thomas Dempsey of the United States Army War College from 28 November 2007 to 13 February 2008. This project provides custom analysis identifying the major players as well as the strategies they employ and the impacts of those strategies on security sector reform with regard to law enforcement, administration of justice and civil oversight in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Liberia, Sierra Leone and Southern Sudan.

  • Requirement:

    • What international or regional authorities, bilateral partnerships, or non-governmental organizations currently are and are likely to remain major players in security sector reform, specifically with regard to the civil oversight, administration of justice, and law enforcement sectors, in Liberia, Sierra Leone, Democratic Republic of Congo, and Sudan?
    • What are the strategies and resources that are being used and are likely to continue to be used to build capacity and sustainability in the civil oversight, administration of justice, and law enforcement sectors in Liberia, Sierra Leone, Democratic Republic of Congo, and Sudan? Why have these strategies been selected and, if appropriate, why are they likely to continue to be used? Can any of these strategies be used as benchmarks for effectiveness?
    • What are the likely short (12 months), medium (2-3 years), and long term (3-5 years) impacts of civil oversight, administration of justice, and law enforcement reform policies currently in place in Liberia, Sierra Leone, Democratic Republic of Congo, and Sudan?


Please see the Terms of Reference for further details regarding the requirement and Methods and Process for further information regarding the research and analysis.

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Navigating The Wiki

The Navigation Bar, to the left, lists important pages where the reader should go for information.


  • Final Reports: This page contains a quick view of the final estimative reports for all four countries and the Key Findings and SSR Model Comparative Findings for the project in a table of contents layout. The final reports can also be viewed in a detail view layout by clicking the alternate view buttons next to the country sections.

  • Network Analysis: This page contains the results of a Social Network Analysis of all law enforcement, administration of justice and civil oversight security sector reform major players in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Liberia, Sierra Leone and Southern Sudan in the form of 3-dimensional and 2-dimensional representations of the linked network of major players in each country.

  • SSR Model: This page contains a model for assessment of law enforcement, administration of justice and civil oversight security sector reform efforts in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Liberia, Sierra Leone and Southern Sudan in the form of a Multi-Attribute Matrix with rankings that indicate varying levels of impact.

  • Resources: This page contains a library of the open source and humint sources collected by the S4RSA Team during the course of the project. This page also contains maps and references for further information.

  • Contact Information: This page includes the contact information for contributors to the S4RSA Project. Please visit this page to contact team members for questions or comments.

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Understanding The Reports

The S4RSA Team included a number of special features in order to make the reports easier to read and the process, sourcing and analysis, transparent.

  • Words Of Estimative Probability: The S4RSA Team uses words of estimative probability to indicate the degree of likelihood in estimative judgments.
    • Virtually Certain
    • Highly Likely
    • Likely
    • Chances Are Even
    • Unlikely
    • Highly Unlikely
    • Virtually Certain


  • Report Format: All of the reports follow a similar format. The title to the report contains the answer to the key estimative question as it pertains to that level of report. This is followed by a brief Executive Summary that restates the estimate in more detailed terms and provides a sense of the key facts that drive the analysis. The next section, the Discussion, lays out the facts in detail that support the analyst's estimative conclusion. The Additional Comments section provides information of potential interest to the reader but which is tangential to the main report.

  • Sourcing: The S4RSA Team provided extensive sourcing with each report in order to increase analytic transparency and provide a resource list for further research. This sourcing either refers to an internal page such as this citation to the Key Findings or to an external source such as this citation to the Mercyhurst College website.